Lydia H. Liu


On her book The Freudian Robot: Digital Media and the Future of the Unconscious

Cover Interview of June 12, 2011

Editor’s note

Originally, this interview ran on the Rorotoko cover page under the headline

“How human-machine relationships can be rethought at the level of the unconscious.”

We highlighted two quotes.

On the first page:

“James Joyce was the first to coin ‘iSpace,’ a curious ideograph that anticipated ‘iPod,’ ‘iPhone,’ and many other such novelties by many decades.”

On the second:

“Claude Shannon invented a 27th letter for the English alphabet—the letter ‘space.’  The addition of the letter ‘space’ has transformed English writing into a statistical system of symbols.  Our good old English has become ideographic through Shannon’s mathematical work.  Yes, ideographic, rather than phonetic.”